In terms of area, the Monte Rosa massif is considered the largest mountain range of over 4000 m of the Alps. The name of Monte Rose probably does not come from the often pink color of the evening but rather from the French-Provençal word “Rouese” for “glacier”. Here you can find useful information about summits, region, weather and hotels.
The adjacent valleys on the Italian side are called from east to west Valle Anzasca / Macugnaga with its impressive wall east on 2200vm of the Dufourspitze (4.634m) to the east, Valle Sesia with Alagna and the equally impressive wall south of Signalkuppe (4.554 m), the Val Lys (Lystal or Gressoney valley) which offers the easiest access to Monte Rosa and finally the Val Ayas to Champoluc. The highest peak is Dufourspitze (4634m), which owes its name to General Guillaume-Henri Dufour. The entire Monte Rosa massif includes 10 summits of more than 4000 m (Nordend 4.609 m, Zumsteinspitze 4.563 m, Signalkuppe 4.554 m, Parrotspitze 4.432 m, Ludwigshöhe 4.341m, Schwarzhorn 4.322 m, Balmenhorn 4.167 m, Vincent-Piramide 4.215 m, and the Punta Giordani 4.046 m).
By taking the adjacent summits of Lyskamm with the Oriental Summit (4527m) and the Western Summit (4480m), Castor (4228m), Pollux (4092m) and Breithorn (4164m) with its five summits Occidental (4164m), Central, (4159 m) East (4139 m), the Gendarme (4106m) and finally the Roccia Nera (4075m), the accumulation of four-thousanders can be extended to 19 peaks.
Monte Rosa and the massif consist mainly of granitic rocks and gneisses. These types of rocks are formed in great depth and thus attest to the formation of Monte Rosa via enormous tectonic processes.
The name of the summits was certainly also influenced by the settlement in the Middle Ages by the Walsers (upper German dialects). On Signalkuppe or Punta Gnifetti is the highest cabin in the Alps, the Margherita hut (4554 m) which is visited regularly by the largest centers of medical research altitude. The cabin owes its construction and its name to the Italian queen Margaret of Italy. The first documented tour on the Roccia della Scoperta (4178 m) was undertaken by the Gressoney Walsers. Most of the summits have been climbed from Gressoney.
Gressoney and the Lys Valley / Val Lys with access by the Punta Indren (3260 m) has evolved in recent years, thus becoming the main starting point for the four-thousanders climbs and certainly provides the easiest access to the peaks of the Monte Rosa massif.
The city of Aosta is surrounded by mountains giving it a microclimate with continental features. The winter summer rhythm is generally shorter than in other mountain regions, the summers are very hot for altitude and the winters often start very early. In the mountains, there are often in winter orographic lifts, we speak of very productive depressions. In the western regions, the climate is often influenced by the western region of Mont Blanc and there is then abundant rainfall in winter. More information on avalanches and weather forecasts for Gressoney and Monte Rosa can be found here.
Gressoney is divided into three villages. Gressoney St. Jean, Gressoney La Trinité and Gressoney Staffal (where the hotel is located). In Staffal also begin the railways on Passo Salati and Colle Bettaforca. Gressoney La Trinité is directly connected to the lifts by a chairlift. Gressoney St. Jean is home to the Weissmatten ski area. A shuttle connects the resort to the Monterosa Ski area. In all the villages, there is a whole selection of **, *** and **** hotels available.